Last edited by Tojalrajas
Thursday, April 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence. found in the catalog.

Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence.

J. O. Fletcher

Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence.

  • 80 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Rand Corp. in Santa Monica, Calif .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Arctic Ocean.
    • Subjects:
    • Heat budget (Geophysics) -- Arctic Ocean.,
    • Climatology.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementEdited by J. O. Fletcher, B. Keller, and S. M. Olenicoff.
      SeriesRand Corporation. Memorandum RM-5003-PR
      ContributionsKeller, B., joint comp., Olenicoff, S. M., joint comp.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQ180 .A1R36 no. 5003
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxi, 205 p.
      Number of Pages205
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4470879M
      LC Control Number79223753

      Climate variability includes all the variations in the climate that last longer than individual weather events, whereas the term climate change only refers to those variations that persist for a longer period of time, typically decades or more. In the time since the industrial revolution the climate has increasingly been affected by human activities that are causing global warming and climate. Earth, our home planet, is a beautiful blue and white ball when seen from space. The third planet from the Sun, it is the largest of the inner planets. Earth is the only planet known to support life and to have liquid water at the surface. Earth has a substantial atmosphere and magnetic field, both of which are critical for sustaining life on.   The Russian Arctic is losing ice cover and being inhabited by species from the south in the latest sign of climate change, according to a group of Russian scientists. "The article nicely introduces some of the emerging science linking Arctic climate change to extreme weather at lower latitudes. There are no major inaccuracies and the author has sought expert comment form several prominent scientists. However, the article fails to fully capture the large uncertainty about how Arctic warming may influence weather in places further south and how big this.


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Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence. by J. O. Fletcher Download PDF EPUB FB2

This is one of the best books on the Arctic climate system and should be required reading for all scientists and students engaged in the study of the Arctic environment.' Polar Geography Review of the first edition: 'I do like this book, which indicates current knowledge concerning the climate of the Arctic and its interaction with the lower Cited by: Using an integrated systems approach, subsequent chapters examine the atmospheric heat budget and circulation, the surface energy budget, the hydrologic cycle and interactions between the ocean, atmosphere and sea ice cover.

I do like this book, which indicates current knowledge concerning the climate of the Arctic and its interaction with Cited by: The Soviet Arctic is the first book Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence. book consider Soviet policy in this area from an historian's point of view.

Horensma assesses the importance of historic legacies to current Soviet Arctic policy and their consequences on an international level. The book also discusses the significance of historic precedents in the determination of polar sovereignty.

InEvgeni K. Fedorov, one of the world’s top climatologists and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence.

book well as the leading Soviet supporter of Commoner’s analysis (writing the “Concluding Remarks” to the Russian edition), declared that the world would need to wean itself from fossil fuels: “A rise in temperature of the earth is inevitable if we do not confine ourselves to the.

influence of reduced and absent sea ice in the Arctic on the energy budget and climate of the Northern Hemisphere. Under such conditions the Arctic absorbs more shortwave radiation in summer and, due to increased temperature, emits more longwave radiation in following winter, with a.

As a result, there is some additional heat loss from the Atlantic layer before it enters the Central Arctic. The ice extent remains nearly the Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence.

book as before within the Kara and Barents Seas. In fact, since modified bottom currents over the continental shelf bring in less heat from the Greenland Sea, an increased thickness of sea ice may result Cited by:   The Arctic can be viewed as an integrated system, characterised by intimate couplings between its atmosphere, ocean and land, linked in turn to the larger global system.

This comprehensive, up-to-date assessment begins with an outline of early Arctic exploration and Soviet data on the Arctic heat budget and its climatic influence. book growth of modern research.

Using an integrated systems approach, subsequent chapters examine the atmospheric heat budget. The following data sources are employed.

For radiation measurements we use data from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Experiment (SHEBA), which to date still provide the most comprehensive dataset of the ice-covered Arctic Ocean covering the annual by: 3.

Arctic weather and climate phenomena such as extreme Arctic storms and their coastal and marine impacts. Due to the tightly coupled nature of the Arctic system, improving sea ice forecasts requires improvements in observations, process understanding and modeling of the coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice system.

NOAA needs to coordinate its efforts in. The Climate Forecast System Reanalysis, operated by NCEP, is a global coupled atmosphere–ocean–land surface–sea ice system designed to provide the best estimate of the state of these domains since (Saha et al. ).The CFSR includes coupling of the atmosphere and ocean during the generation of 9-h forecast fields, an interactive sea ice model, and assimilation of satellite Cited by: Several long-term changes in climate have been observed, and they differ between continents, oceans and on a regional scale.

Among these changes are higher temperatures and less ice in the Arctic, and alterations in total precipitation, sea salinity and wind patterns, occurrence of extreme weather such as drought, heavy rainfall, heat waves and intensified tropical cyclones. climate change on earth.

This is leading to a new interest in the region, not only by the Arctic states, to preserve its leadership as an Arctic power. Defining the boundaries of its continental shelf by is a priority. Therefore, Russia has to develop the North Pole area.

Artur Chilingarov, soviet Arctic explorer and confidant of File Size: 1MB. Polar ice and climate; The Arctic heat budget and atmospheric circulation; Stochastic models of air --sea interaction and climatic fluctuation; Heat regime of the Soviet Arctic related to the main atmospheric circulation patterns and their many variations; A quantitative description of some characteristics of the general atmospheric circulation and their relation to the radiation regime of the Arctic; Evidence of climatic fluctuations on Axel Heiberg Island, Canadian Arctic.

Regional sensible and radiative heat flux estimates for the winter Arctic during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) experiment James E. Overland, • S. Lyn McNutt, 2 Joanne Groves, 2 Sigrid Salo, 1 Edgar L Andreas, 3 and P.

Ola G. Persson 4 Abstract. We estimate the influence of the mosaic distribution of surface temperaturesCited by: A quantitative study of the heat budget of the Arctic and its relationship to the atmospheric circulation of the hemisphere.

It combines the available data to produce a description of the input, transformation, and output of thermal energy in the Arctic regions and provides new insights into the mechanism of the Arctic climate.

Severe winters have occurred frequently in mid-latitude Eurasia during the past decade. Simulations with a member ensemble of an atmospheric model detect an influence of declining Arctic Cited by: Abstract.

The Arctic Ocean (Fig. 1) surrounds the North Pole and is bordered by Europe, Siberia, Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. It is a large basin ( × 10 6 km 2), in area about four times larger than the Mediterranean Sea, connected primarily with the Atlantic Ocean via the major water bodies of the Greenland and Norwegian Seas and Baffin Bay, which also lie in the by: The influence of ice sheets on temperature during the past 38 million years inferred from a one-dimensional ice sheet–climate model Article Full-text available.

Farish, Matthew. "The Lab and the Land: Overcoming the Arctic in Cold War Alaska." Isis (): Entry by Molly Finlayson In anticipating the necessity of future Arctic warfare with the Soviet bloc, the United States military feared that its forces would be put to significant disadvantage by the extreme weather conditions of the north.

Global warming: The changing face of the Arctic at Penn State University and author of the book The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars told that was the face of climate change in the : Nicole Mortillaro.

cold and warm regions belong to different categories. On the basis of satellite data, Tselioudis et al. [] suggested that the temperature T dependence of cloud optical depth OD in cold (T 0 C) environments could differ in magnitude and even in by:   Sea ice extent in the Arctic plays a critical role in the Earth system.

Physically, its white surface reflects up to 80 percent of incoming sunlight during the long days of Northern Hemisphere summer, exerting a cooling influence on the climate. A new book on the origins of the global warming movement tells how the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was first pressed into policy based evidence making.

It was a single line in one report that read: The balance of evidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate.

Why Arctic is warming twice as fast as rest of planet A new report from NOAA indicates that the Arctic is warming faster than any other part of the world for the second straight year in a row Author: Olivia Lowenberg.

After a while, that second phase of climate cautions began to fade. ByFortune magazine was warming to another cooling trend and ran an article titled “Climate – the Heat May Be Off.” As the United States and the old Soviet Union faced off, the media joined them with reports of a more dangerous Cold War of Man vs.

Nature. were collected during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean Experiment (SHEBA) [Moritz et al., ; Perovich et al., ; Uttal et al., ]. A primary objective of SHEBAwas to collect the data necessary for understanding the atmospheric, cryospheric and oceanic processes deter-mining the surface heat budget of the Arctic Ocean during.

Climate and the Heat Budget of the Central Arctic. A quantitative study of the heat budget of the Arctic and its relationship to the atmospheric circulation of the hemisphere.

It combines the available data to produce a description of the input, transformation, and output of thermal energy in the Arctic regions and provides new insights into the mechanism of the Arctic climate. The Russians, says Mead, wanted to melt the Arctic.

You might laugh, but while Soviet Russia was blessed with the largest land mass of any nation on Earth, much of it resource rich, putting that land to use was stunningly difficult.

Russia was already spending an enormous amount of money combating the : Colin Schultz. The climate of the Arctic is characterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers. There is a large amount of variability in climate across the Arctic, but all regions experience extremes of solar radiation in both summer and winter.

Some parts of the Arctic are covered by ice year-round, and nearly all parts of the Arctic experience long periods with some form of ice on the surface. Average January. The Earth's climate system involves the exchange of heat and water among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, biosphere, and cryosphere True Feedback loops are the interactions among the Earth's five spheres that either amplify or diminish changes in climate.

ASOF constructed a coordinated, circum-Arctic ocean flux monitoring system. The system provided long-term measurements critical to understanding the factors that control the global thermohaline circulation and its influence on global climate.

Reference: On the web: ASOF website Joint Western Arctic Climate Study (JWACS), Arctic Melting is full of sources and direct quotes from scientists. It shows the full range of impacts of climate change, from the melting pack ice and that impact on polar bears, the Inuit people, walrus, seal, Arctic Cod, Salmon, Arctic Char; native American village sea coasts crumbling into the sea, the permafrost melting, forests dying from climate change-caused disease and burning by the /5(4).

Lake Ladoga ice conditions were examined for the period based on weather data and Finnish ice data () and Soviet/Russian airborne and satellite surveys (). The United States and the Soviet Union are mounting large‐scale investigations to de termine why the Arctic climate is becoming more frigid, why parts of the Arctic.

Scientific data show that abrupt changes in climate at the regional scale have occurred throughout history and are characteristic of Earth’s climate system. Warming from greenhouse gas emissions, as well as other human changes to the Earth system may increase the possibility of large and abrupt regional or global climatic events.

As sea ice melts and becomes liquid water, _____ heat is then absorbed from the Sun, creating warmer surface waters. more Arctic sea ice reached a historic minimum in that was approximately __________ the size of the long-term average recorded during We will learn why the Arctic is cold and ice covered, and how that impacts its climate and ecosystems.

We will also consider how the Arctic is connected to the rest of the world. Finally, we will examine present day climate change, the processes driving it, and evidence for it in the Arctic, before looking at the implications in the rapidly /5(62).

the Arctic was the Battle of the Atlantic (). England was known for its maritime excellence and naval dependence on imported goods from overseas markets (White ). Knowing this, Nazi Germany outlined a strategy of blocking trade routes, including the Arctic route, through the use of submarines that would hold the ships Size: KB.

As the Business & Media Institute reported last year, press reports of climate change have been going on since the the weekend, I was sent a list of New York Times articles dating back to addressing the global warming and cooling that has been happening on this planet for the past years.

I have taken the liberty of adding a few pieces that I discovered in. When Global Warming Is Good — For Russia Melting Arctic ice is giving Russia new shipping routes and access to oil. They're also building up. Climatic factors influencing changing pan evaporation across China from to This study analyzed daily pdf data from 54 meteorological stations across China measured from to J.O., et al.

(Eds.), Soviet Data on the Arctic Heat Budget and Its Climate Influence. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA. Google by: Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface and download pdf.

They are used for a variety of purposes; from the study of the dynamics of the weather and climate system, to projections of future climate. All climate models balance, or very nearly balance.Lenin had strongly embraced ebook values, partly under the influence ebook Marx and Engels, and was deeply concerned with conservation.

All of these conclusions were driven home in his book, Climate and “Polar Ice and Climate,” in J.O. Fltecher, B. Keller, and S.M. Olenicoff, Soviet Data on the Arctic Heat Budget and Its.